77大赢家棋牌手机下载

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李牧白 :博物館照明——畫面上的光

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2018-12-23 作者:李牧白 來源:阿拉丁照明網 瀏覽量: 網友評論: 0
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摘要: 博物館展廳對文物書畫的采光照明 , 通常用三種光源——日光燈、白熾燈和LED燈等人工光源。書畫藏品在光的直接照射下 , 都會遭受不同程度的損害。光線對書畫的影響有三方面 : 其一,光輻射;其二 , 光熱能;其三 , 光氧化的破壞作用。

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limubai

77大赢家棋牌手机下载  bowuguanzhantingduiwenwushuhuadecaiguangzhaoming , tongchangyongsanzhongguangyuan——riguangdeng、baichidengheleddengdengrengongguangyuan。shuhuazangpinzaiguangdezhijiezhaoshexia , douhuizaoshoubutongchengdudesunhai。guangxianduishuhuadeyingxiangyousanfangmian : qiyi,guangfushe;qier , guangreneng;qisan , guangyanghuadepohuaizuoyong。

  beisongkexuejiashenkuo《mengxibitan》zhongshuo:“gurenzangshubiduyongyun,yun——xiangcaoye。”kejianwoguozaozai1000duonianqianjiuduishuhuabaohuyouleyanjiushijian。

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  一、 畫面光學輻射

  guangshiduizihuamianyingxiangzuidadeziranyinshu,tebieshiziwaixianguang,takeshizihuamianyanliaotuibian、fenjie、biansedengyinsudaozhizhizhibianhua;ziwaixianguangzhuyaolaiyuantaiyang,taiyangzhaozaizhishang , xianweifashengyanghuafanyingerbianse , guangzhaoxiaxianweihuifashengguangfenjie , guangyanghuaheguangshuijiedenghuaxuefanying , daozhiqixianweiqiangduxiajiang , zhizhiwenwuyingduiguangzhaofangmianyouyangedekongzhibaichidengheriguangdengguanyeyou400-700nmdeziwaixianguang,baichidengheriguangdengduizhizhangyouyidingdepohuaizuoyong , yinweitamentongdianhounengfachuziwaixian , tebieshiriguangdengtadewashuyueda , fangshechudeziwaixianjiuyueduo , duishuhuazhizhangdepohuaijiuyueda。yinciguazihuashiyingbimiantaiyangguang、baichidengheriguangdengdenghanziwaixiandeguangyuan,changshijianzhaosheyenengshizihuazhizhibianhuang。

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  二、 畫面上光溫度

  dengjudeguangjuyourenengliang , dangqixiangwaifusheshihuichanshengrexiaoying。kejianguangyuhongwaixianrexiaoyingda , chengweireshexian。guangfushereduimian、zhidengzhiwuxianweisucailiaodenaijiuxingchanshengyingxiang , shizhizhanghuamianjubuwendushenggao , shixianweisujuhedujiangdi , jixieqiangduxiajiang。congerdaozhizhizhang、fangzhipindengcailiaodanxingjianruo、biancui , shuhuazhongdezhizhangbianhuang、yanliaobianse、fenhuaboluodengxianxiang。

77大赢家棋牌手机下载  guangzhaodu、guangqianghuiduizhizhanghuamianzaochengyanzhongde、bukewanhuidesunhai。guogaodeguangzhaoqiangduhuiyinqiyouhuadetunsehuobianan,yizhituxianghexijiemohushenzhixiaoshi。weilebimianguangzhaoyinqidesunshang,youhuayinggaifangzhizaijiaoanqiebuhuibeiyangguangzhishedaodequyu。

  guodudeguangzhaoyehuiyinqiguoduoderejuji,congerzaochengyouhuadesunshang。yinciyinggaisanshedejuguangdengyinggaibeianzhuangzaizhishaoyuanliyouhuayuesanmidedifang,bimianqianzaiderejuji。

77大赢家棋牌手机下载  yaoyouyidingdewenduheshidu。zihuazhuyaoyouzhizhanghejuan、ling、jindengzhiwugoucheng,shishifenjiaoguide,tayouzijizuishiyidewenduheshiduyaoqiu。yibanshuolai,15℃zhi18℃dewenduhe55%zhi65%dexiangduishiduduijiazangzihuadebaocunzuiweiyouli。tebieduiyumingguizihua,gengyinggaizhuyizhenzang。zheliwomentongguoyigexiaoshiyanlailunzheng

77大赢家棋牌手机下载  shiyanbuzouyucaozuoyaoqiu:

  1. yongjingzijiangyangguangtoushedaoyizhangzhishang,bijiaoyongyimianjingziheduomianjingzi,fansheguangdeqiangruoyoushenmebutong;

  2. yongwendujiceliangyizhangzhiguangbanchudewendu,bijiaoyixiayongyimianjingziheduomianjingzi,wendujixianshidewendubutong

  shiyanjielun:guangqiangwendujiugao,guangruowendujiudi。

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  三、 光氧化

  juhewuzaihanyanghuanjingzhong, shoudaoguangdezuoyonghuichanshengguangyanghuafanying, eryinqijuhewudeduanlianzhizhangzhongdexianweisufashengguangyanghuafanyingshi, shengchengyifensuideyanghuaxianwei, shiqiangduhenaijiuxingjiangdi, ziji、yanliaodengzaiguangyanghuazuoyongxiayehuichanshengtunsexianxiang。

77大赢家棋牌手机下载  si、 gbt 23863-2009 bowuguanzhaomingshejiguifan

  ① guangdezhaodushejiguifan

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  ② guangdezheguangjiaoshejiguifan

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  ③ guangdepuguangliangxianzhizhishejiguifan

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  bowuguanshigezhongwenwu、ziranbiaobenheyishupindeshouzang、baohu、yanjiu、zhanshihexuanchuandejigou。weiletuoshandibaohuhaozhexiezhenguidelishihewenhuacaichan,tebieshishufa、guohua、youhua、juanhuadenghuamianshangdeguangbixumianshouguangxuefushe(baokuokejianfushe、ziwaifushehehongwaifushe)、huamianwendudesunhai;weilegeiguanzhongchuangzaolianghaodeshijuehuanjing,youxuyaotigaozhanpindezhaodu,gusheji、xuanyonghuamianshangguangdeteshuzhaomingdengjuxushenzhiyoushen。zongzhijiejue、chulihaohuamianshangdeguangxudadaojiyouliyuguanshang、youyouliyubaohudemude。

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